Couples who have adopted a pet during the pandemic can save themselves the unnecessary heartache of losing shared pets by arranging a ‘pet-nuptial’ agreement in case of future separation with their partner.
When going through a divorce, deciding what happens to shared pets can be difficult and having a plan in place can really help.
For custody of furry friends, there is currently no official legally binding measures in place for what happens to pets after a breakup.
Legally a pet is seen as an asset, and as with any assets in a divorce, ownership will be decided by the court – however having a prearranged agreement in place, commonly known as a prenuptial agreement, can assist the court to make a decision.
To decide the future home of a pet during a separation, couples can include a clause in a wider prenuptial agreement regarding ownership of an animal in the same way they can for material goods, such as furniture or a TV.
Pre-nups are seen as a reflection of the parties’ intentions regarding ownership of property and assets prior to marriage, and although they are not legally binding in the UK, they will be taken into consideration by the court in the event of a relationship breakdown.
Despite pets being a big part of the family, animal charities such as The Blue Cross and Kennel Club both advise against joint custody of an animal as it can be unsettling and negatively affect the animal’s wellbeing. Splitting up animals who have lived together for a long time may also cause distress to animals so it’s not advisable.
It is suggested to appoint a primary caregiver of the animal upon adopting, with a pet-nup clause outlining who this will be and what the duty of care will entail.
Neil Remnant, head of family law at JMP Solicitors, said: “With many couples adopting pets during lockdown, it is important to implement safeguarding in case of an eventual relationship breakdown to ensure you, your family and your pet are put through the least amount of distress possible.
“Once divorce proceedings begin, the custody of the pet is in the hands of the court. They will look at a number of factors such as who can best meet the animal’s needs, who has the most suitable home and what is best for the animal.
“A pet-nup clause can have a significant impact on any decision the court is asked to make and sets out the intentions of the parties prior to marriage. It can outline custody agreements, as well as financial responsibilities such as veterinary and grooming bills. Whilst it is not officially binding, it is certainly an influential factor in deciding what happens to your pets.
“When drafting the agreement, it’s important to bear in mind what would be best for the animal, and agreed primary owners must adhere to the Animal Welfare Act 2006 and agree to be responsible for caring for the animal in all eventualities.”
To find out more about pet-nups and available family law services, please contact JMP Solicitors.